Bisphenol A References (in Word)

Vandenberg, L.N., Colborn, T., Hayes, T.B., Heindel, J.J., Jacobs, D.R., Lee, D-H., Shioda, T., Soto, A.M., vom Saal, F.S., Welshons, W.V., Zoeller, R.T. and Myers, J.P. A paradigm shift in environmental chemical research: Understanding and expecting “low dose” effects and non-monotonic dose responses. Endocr. Rev. Online March, 2012.

vom Saal, F.S., Nagel, S.C., Coe, B.L., Angle, B.M. and Taylor, J.A. The estrogenic endocrine disrupting chemical bisphenol A (BPA) and obesity. Molec. Cell. Endocrinol. 354:74-84, 2012.

Hanna. C.W., Fujimoto, V.Y., Robinson, W.P., Kim, D., Parsons, P.J., vom Saal, F.S., Taylor, J.A., Steuerwald, A.J. and Bloom, M.S. DNA methylation changes in whole blood associated with exposure to environmental contaminants: mercury, lead, cadmium and bisphenol A, in women undergoing ovarian stimulation for IVF. Human Reprod. 27:1401-1410, 2012.

Taylor, J.A., vom Saal, F.S., Welshons, W.V. Drury, B., Rottinghaus, G., Hunt, P.A., Toutain, P-L. and Laffont, C.M. Bisphenol A in thermal paper receipts. Environ. Health Perspect. 120:A15, 2012.

Schug, T.T., Vogel, S.A., Vandenberg, L.N., Braun, J., Hauser, R., Taylor, J.A., vom Saal, F.S., and Heindel, J.J. Bisphenol A. In: Dioxins and Health: Including Other Persistent Organic Pollutants and Endocrine Disruptors. 3rd Edition. Edited by: A. Schecter, Wiley & Sons, New York, pp 381-413, 2012.12.

vom Saal, F.S., Prins, G.S. and Welshons, W.V. Report of very low real world exposure to bisphenol A is unwarranted based on a lack of data and flawed assumptions. Toxicol. Sci. 125:318-320, 2012.

vom Saal, F.S., Coe, B.L., Angle, B.R. and Taylor, J.A. Disruption of development by environmental estrogens: Adult obesity and metabolic disease. In: Obesity: Epidemiology, Pathophysiology and Prevention, Vol 2, Editors: Debasis Bagchi and Harry G. Preuss, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, pp 73-83, 2012.

Lankford, D.M. and vom Saal, F.S. Development of a writing intensive capstone course to facilitate the integration and communication of complex issues in biology. J. College Science Teaching 41(4):18-26, 2012.

vom Saal, F.S. Adverse Health Effects of Bisphenol A (BPA): Implications for the use of BPA in hemodialyzers and other medical equipment. Online: Spektrum der Dialyse & Apherese. 2011.

Taylor, J.A., Richter, C.A., Ruhlen, R.L. and vom Saal, F.S. Estrogenic chemicals and drugs: Mechanisms for effects on the developing male urogenital system. J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol. 127:83– 95, 2011.

Bloom, M. S., F. S. vom Saal, D. Kim, J. A. Taylor, J. D. Lamb and V. Y. Fujimoto. Serum unconjugated bisphenol A concentrations in men may influence embryo quality indicators during in vitro fertilization.Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 32:319-23, 2011.

Bloom, M.S., Kim, D., vom Saal, F.S., Taylor, J.A., Cheng, G., Lamb, J.D., and Fujimoto, V.Y. Bisphenol A exposure reduces the estradiol response to gonadotropin stimulation during in vitro fertilization. Fertil. Steril. 96:672-677 e2, 2011.

Sieli, P.T., Jašarevi?, E., Warzak, D.A., Mao, J., Ellersieck, M.R., Liao, C., Kannan, K., Collet, S., Toutain, P.L., vom Saal, F.S. and Rosenfeld, C.S. Comparison of serum bisphenol A concentrations in mice exposed to bisphenol A through the diet versus oral bolus exposure. Environ. Health Perspect. 119:1260-1265, 2011.

Novak, P.J.; Arnold, W.A.; Blazer, V.S.; Halden, R.U.; Klaper, R.D.; Kolpin, D.W.; Kriebel, D.; Love, N.G.; Martinovic, D.; Patisaul, H.B.; Snyder, S.A.; vom Saal, F.S.; Weisbrod, A.V.; Swackhamer, D.L. On the Need for a National (US) Research Program to Elucidate the Potential Risks to Human Health and the Environment Posed by Contaminants of Emerging Concern. Environ. Sci. Technol. 45:3829–3830, 2011.

Novak, P.J., Blazer, V.S., Halden, R.U., Klaper, R.D., Kolpin, D.W., Kriebel, D., Love, N.G., Martinovi?-Weigelt, D., Patisaul, H.B., Snyder, S.A., vom Saal, F.S., Weisbrod, A.V., Swackhamer, D.L. Assessing contaminant risk on a global scale. Nature 471:578 2011.

Ruhlen, RL, Taylor, JA, Mao, J, Kirkpatrick, J, Welshons, WV and vom Saal, FS. Choice of animal feed can alter fetal steroid levels and mask developmental effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals. J Develop Origins Health Disease 2:36-48, 2011.

Fujimoto, V.Y., Kim, D., vom Saal, F.S., Lamb, J.D., Taylor, J.A., and Bloom, M.S. Serum unconjugated bisphenol A concentrations in women adversely influence oocyte quality during in vitro fertilization. Fertil. Steril. 95:1816-1819, 2011.

Taylor, J.A., vom Saal, F.S., Welshons, W.V., Drury, B., Rottinghaus, G., Hunt, P.A., Toutain, P.L., Laffont, C.M. and VandeVoort, C.A.. Similarity of bisphenol A pharmacokinetics in rhesus monkeys and mice: Relevance for human exposure. Environ. Health Perspect. 119:422-430, 2011.

Ela, W.P., D.L. Sedlak, M. Barlaz, H. Henry, D. Muir, D. Swackhamer, E.J. Weber, R.G. Arnold, L. Ferguson, J. Field, E. Furlong, J.P. Giesy, R. U. Halden, T. Henry, R. Hites, K. Hornbuckle, P. Howard, R.G. Luthy, A. Meyer, A.E. Sáez, F.S. vom Saal, C. Vulpe, and M.R. Wiesner. Identifying the next generation of superfund and hazardous waste site contaminants. Environ. Health Perspect. 119:6-10, doi:10.1289/ehp.1002497, 2011.

vom Saal, F.S., Akingbemi, B., Belcher, S., Crain, D., Crews, D., Guidice, L. et al. Flawed Experimental Design Reveals the Need for Guidelines Requiring Appropriate Positive Controls in Endocrine Disruption Research. Toxicological Sciences 115: 612-613, 2010.

vom Saal, F.S., Akingbemi, B., Belcher, S., Crain, D., Crews, D., Guidice, L. et al. Flawed Experimental Design Reveals the Need for Guidelines Requiring Appropriate Positive Controls in Endocrine Disruption Research. Toxicological Sciences 115: 612-613, 2010.

vom Saal, F.S., Taylor, J.A., Palanza, P. and Parmigiani, S. The high-volume hormonally active chemical bisphenol A: Human exposure, health hazards and need to find alternatives. In: R. C. Ragaini, Editor, Proceedings of Conference: ¬International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies, 42th Session, Erice, Sicily, August, 2009, World Scientific Publishers, Singapore, pp. 763-772, 2010.

Myers, J.P., Zoeller, T.J. and vom Saal, F.S. A clash of old and new scientific concepts in toxicity, with important implications for public health. Environ. Health Perspect. 117:1652–1655, 2009.

Thompson, R.C., Swan, S.H., Moore, C. and vom Saal, F.S. Our plastic age. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 364:1973-1976, 2009.

Thompson, R.C., Moore, C., vom Saal, F.S. and Swan, S.H. Plastics, the environment and human health: Current consensus and future trends. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 364: 2153-2166, 2009.

Heindel, J.J. and vom Saal, F.S. Role of nutrition and environmental endocrine disrupting chemicals during the perinatal period on the aetiology of obesity. Mol. Cell Endocrinol. 304:90-96, 2009.

Talsness, C.E., Andrade, A.J.M., Kuriyama, S.N., Taylor, J.A. and vom Saal, F.S. Components of plastic: experimental studies in animals and relevance for human health. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 364:2079-2096, 2009

Myers, JP, vom Saal, FS, Akingbemi, BT, Arizono, K, Belcher, S, Colborn, T, Chahoud, I, Crain, DA, Farabollini, F, Guillette, LJ, Jr., Hassold, T, Ho, SM, Hunt, PA, Iguchi, T, Jobling, S, Kanno, J, Laufer, H, Marcus, M, McLachlan, JA, Nadal, A, Oehlmann, J, Olea, N, Palanza, P, Parmigiani, S, Rubin, BS, Schoenfelder, G, Sonnenschein, C, Soto, AM, Talsness, CE, Taylor, JA, Vandenberg, LN, Vandenbergh, JG, Vogel, S, Watson, CS, Welshons, WV and Zoeller, RT (2009). Why public health agencies cannot depend on good laboratory practices as a criterion for selecting data: the case of bisphenol A. Environ. Health Perspect. 117:309-315, 2009.

vom Saal, F.S. and Myers, J.P. Bisphenol A and Risk of Metabolic Disorders. JAMA 300(11):1353-1355, 2008.

Palanza, P.L., Gioiosa, L. Parmigiani, S. and vom Saal, F.S. Effects of developmental exposure to bisphenol A on brain and behavior in mice. Environ. Res. 108(2):150-157. 2008.

vom Saal, F.S., Parmigiani, S., Palanza, P.L., Everett, L.G. and Ragaini, R. The plastic world: sources, amounts, ecological impacts and effects on development, reproduction, brain and behavior in aquatic and terrestrial animals and humans. Environ. Res. 108(2):127-130, 2008.

Myers, J.P. and vom Saal, F.S. Should public health standards for endocrine-disrupting compounds be based upon 16th Century dogma or modern endocrinology? San Francisco Medicine 81(1): 30-31, 2008.

Taylor, J.A., Welsons W.V. and vom Saal, F.S. No effect of route of exposure (oral; subcutaneous injection) on plasma bisphenol A throughout 24 hr after administration in neonatal female mice. Reprod. Toxicol. 25:169-176, 2008.

Coe, B.L., Kirkpatrick, J.R., Taylor, J.A. and vom Saal, F.S. A new “crowded uterine horn” mouse model for examining the relationship between fetal growth and adult obesity. Basic Clin. Pharmacol. Toxicol. 102:162-167, 2008.

Heindel, J.J. and vom Saal, F.S. Meeting Report: Batch-to-Batch Variability in Estrogenic Activity in
Commercial Animal Diets—Importance and Approaches for Laboratory
Animal Research
. Environ. Health Perspect. 116:389-393, 2008.

Ruhlen, R.L., Howdeshell, K.L., Mao, J., Taylor, J.A., Bronson, F.H., Newbold, R.R., Welshons, W.V. and vom Saal, F.S. Low phytoestrogen levels in feed increase fetal serum estradiol resulting in the “fetal estrogenization syndrome” and obesity in CD-1 mice. Environ. Health Perspect. 116:322-328, 2008.

vom Saal, F.S., Akingbemi, B.T., Belcher, S.M., Birnbaum, L.S., Crain, D.A., Farabollini, F., Guillette, L.J., Hauser, R., Heindel J.J., Ho, S-M. et al. Chapel Hill expert pamel consensus statement: Integration of mechanisms, effects in animals and potential to impact human health at current levels of exposure. Reprod. Toxicol. 24(2):131-138, 2007.

vom Saal, F.S. Could hormone residues be involved? Human Reprod. 22:1503-1505, 2007.

Richter, C.R., Birnbaum, L.S., Farabollini, F., Newbold, R.R., Rubin, B.S., Talsness, C.E., Vandenbergh, J.G., Walser-Kuntz, D.R. and vom Saal, F.S. In vivo effects of bisphenol A in laboratory rodent studies. Reprod. Toxicol. 24:199-224, 2007.

Richter, C.A., Taylor, J.A., Ruhlen, R.R., Welshons, W.V. and vom Saal, F.S. Estradiol and bisphenol A stimulate androgen receptor and estrogen receptor gene expression in fetal mouse prostate cells. Environ. Health Perspect. 115:902-908, 2007.

vom Saal, F.S. Bisphenol A Eliminates Brain and Behavior Sex Dimorphisms in Mice. How Low Can You Go? Endocrinol. 147:3679-3680, 2006.

Welshons, W.V., Nagel, S.C. and vom Saal, F.S. Large effects from small exposures: III. Mechanisms mediating responses to the low doses of the plastic monomer bisphenol A. Endocrinol. 147:S56-S69, 2006.

vom Saal, F.S. and Welshons, W.V. Large effects from small exposures: II. The importance of positive controls in low-dose research on bisphenol A. Environmental Research 100:50-76, 2006.

Weltje, L., vom Saal, F.S. and Oehlmann, J. Reproductive stimulation by low doses of xenoestrogens contrasts with the view of hormesis as an adaptive response. Human and Experimental Toxicology 24:1-7, 2005.

vom Saal, F.S. Low-dose bisphenol A: confirmed by an extensive literature. Chemistry and Industry 7:14-15, 2005.

vom Saal, F.S. and Hughes, C. An extensive new literature concerning low-dose effects of bisphenol A shows the need for a new risk assessment. Environ. Health Perspect. 113:926-933, 2005.

Timms, B.G., K.L. Howdeshell, L. Barton, S. Bradley, C.A. Richter and F.S. vom Saal. Estrogenic chemicals in plastic and oral contraceptives disrupt development of the fetal mouse prostate and urethra. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 102: 7014-7019, 2005.

vom Saal, F.S., Richter, C.A., Ruhlen, R.R., Taylor, J.A., Rottinghaus, G.E. and Welshons, W.V. Commercial animal Feed: Variability in estrogenic activity and effects on body weight in mice. Birth Defects Research (Part A) 73:474-475, 2005.

vom Saal, F.S., Nagel, S.C., Timms, B.G. and Welshons, W.V. Implications for human health of the extensive bisphenol A literature showing adverse effects at low doses: A response to attempts to mislead the public. Toxicology, 212:244-252, 2005.

vom Saal, F.S., Richter, C.A. Ruhlen, R.R., Nagel, S.C., Timms, B.G. and Welshons, W.V. Importance of appropriate controls, animal feed and animal models in interpreting results from low-dose studies of bisphenol A. Birth Defects Research (Part A) 73: 140-145, 2005.

Richter, C.A., Timms, B.G. and vom Saal, F.S. Prostate Development: Mechanisms for opposite effects of low and high doses of estrogenic chemicals. In: R.K. Naz, ed. Endocrine Disruptors (2nd Edition): Effects on Male and Female Reproductive Systems. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 379-410, 2005.

Myers, J.P., Guillette, L.J., Palanza, P., Parmigiani, S., Swan, S.H. and vom Saal, F.S. The emerging science of endocrine disruption. R. C. Ragaini, Editor, Proceedings of Conference: International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies, 30th Session, Erice, Sicily, August, 2003, World Scientific Publishers, Singapore, pp. 105-121, 2004.

vom Saal, F.S., Richter, C.A., Ruhlen, R.R. Nagel, S.C. and Welshons, W.V. Disruption of laboratory experiments due to leaching of bisphenol a from polycarbonate cages and bottles and uncontrolled variability in components of animal feed. Proceedings from the International Workshop on Development of Science-Based Guidelines for Laboratory Animal Care, National Academies Press, Washington DC, 65-69, 2004.

Nagel, S.C. and vom Saal, F.S. Endocrine control of sexual differentiation: Effects of the
maternal-fetal environment and endocrine disrupting chemicals
. In: Principles of Sex-Based
Physiology, Ed. V. Miller and M. Hay. Elsevier, pp. 15-37, 2003.

Howdeshell, KL Peterman, P.H., Judy, B.M., Taylor, J.A., Orazio, C.E., Ruhlen, R.L., vom
Saal, F.S. and Welshons, W.V. Bisphenol a is released from used polycarbonate animal
cages into water at room temperature
. Environ. Health Perspect, 111:1180-1187, 2003.

Rice, C., Birnbaum, L.S., Cogliano, J., Mahaffey, K., Needham, L., Rogan, W. and. vom Saal,
F.S. Exposure assessment for endocrine disruptors: some considerations in the design of
. Environ. Health Perspect., 111:1683-1690, 2003.

Parmigiani, S., Palanza, P., Colborn, T. and vom Saal, F.S. Exposure to very low doses of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) during fetal life permanently alters brain development and behavior in animals and humans. R. C. Ragaini, Editor, Proceedings of Conference: International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies, 27th Session, Erice, Sicily, August, 2002, World Scientific Publishers, Singapore, pp. 293-308, 2003.

Welshons, W.V., Thayer, K.S., Taylor, J., Judy, B. and vom Saal, F.S. Large effects from
small exposures: I. Mechanisms for endocrine-disrupting chemicals with estrogenic activity
Environ. Health Perspect, 111: 994-1006, 2003.

Alworth, L., Howdeshell, K.L., Ruhlen, R. And vom Saal, F.S. Uterine responsiveness to
estradiol and DNA methylation are altered by fetal exposure to diethylstilbestrol and
methoxychlor in CD-1 mice: Effects of low versus high doses
. Toxicology and Applied
Pharmacology 183:10-22, 2002.

Palanza, P., Howdeshell, K.L., Parmigiani, S. and vom Saal, F.S. Exposure to a low dose of
bisphenol A during fetal life or in adulthood alters maternal behavior in mice
. Environ. Health
Perspect. 110:415-422, 2002.

Timms, B.G., Peterson, R.E. and vom Saal, F.S. 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin
interacts with endogenous estradiol to disrupt prostate gland morphogenesis in male rat
. Toxicological Sciences 67:264-274, 2002.

Ottinger, M.A. and vom Saal, F.S. Impact of Environmental Endocrine Disruptors on Sexual
Differentiation in Birds and Mammals
. In: Hormones, Brain and Behavior, Ed. D. Pfaff, Academic Press, New York, pp 325-383, 2002.

Palanza, P. Morellini, F., Paarmigiani, S. and vom Saal, F. Ethological methods to study the
effects of maternal exposure to estrogenic endocrine disrupters: A study with methoxychlor
. Neurotoxicology and Teratology 24:55-69, 2002.

Palanza, P., Parmigiani, S. and vom Saal, F.S. Effects of prenatal exposure to low doses of
diethylstilbestrol, o,p’DDT and methoxychlor on postnatal growth and neurobehavioral
development in male and female mice
. Horm. Behav. 252-265, 2001.

Thayer, K.A., R. Ruhlen, R., Howdeshell, K.L., Buchanan, D., Cooke, P.S., Welshons, W.V.,
Haseman, J. and vom Saal, F.S. Altered prostate growth and daily sperm production in male
mice exposed prenatally to subclinical doses of 17α- ethinyl estradiol
. Human Reproduction 16:988-996, 2001.

vom Saal, F.S. and Welshons, W.V. NIH panel confirms that endocrine disrupting chemicals cause effects at very low doses. Risk Policy Report 7(11):47-50, November 30, 2000. Inside Washington Publishers. Source: Risk Policy Report via

Wang, M-S. and vom Saal, F.S. Maternal age influences traits in offspring. Nature, 407:469-470, 2000.

Howdeshell, K.L. and vom Saal, F.S. Developmental exposure to bisphenol A: Interaction
with endogenous estradiol during pregnancy in mice
. American Zoologist 40: 429-437, 2000.

Howdeshell, K.L., Hotchkiss, A.K., Thayer, K.A., Vandenbergh, J.G. and vom Saal, F.S.
Exposure to bisphenol A advances puberty. Nature 401:763-764, 1999.

Palanza, P. Morellini, F., Parmigiani, S. and vom Saal, F.S. Prenatal exposure to endocrine
disrupting chemicals: Effects on behavioral development
. Neurosci. Biobeh. Rev. 23:1011-
1027, 1999.

Bigsby, R. Chapin, R., Daston,G., Davis, B., Gorski, J., Gray, E., Howdeshell, K. Zoeller, T.
and vom Saal, F. Evaluating the effects of endocrine disruptors on endocrine function during development. Environ. Health Perspect. 107 (Suppl 4):613-618,

Welshons, W.V., Nagel, S.C., Kristina A. Thayer, K.A., Judy, B.M. and vom Saal, F.S.
Development of in vitro assays to predict activity of xenoestrogens in animals: fetal exposure
to methoxychlor and other xenoestrogens increases adult prostate size in mice
. Tox. Ind.Health, 15:12-25, 1999.

vom Saal, F.S., Clark, M.M., Galef, B.G., Drickamer, L.C. and Vandenbergh, J.G. The
intrauterine position (IUP) phenomenon
. In: Encyclopedia of Reproduction. Eds E. Knobil and
J. Neill. Academic Press, New York, Volume 2, pp. 893-900, 1999.

Timms, B.G., Petersen, S.L. and vom Saal, F.S. Prostate gland growth during development is
stimulated in both male and female rat fetuses by intrauterine proximity to female fetuses
. J.
Urol.161:1694-1701, 1999.

vom Saal, F.S. and Timms, B.G. The role of natural and manmade estrogens in prostate development. In: R.K. Naz, ed. Endocrine Disruptors: Effects on Male and Female Reproductive Systems. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 307-327, 1999.

Nagel, S.C., vom Saal, F.S. And Welshons, W.W. Developmental effects of estrogenic chemicals are predicted by an in vitro assay incorporating modification of cell uptake by serum. J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol. 69:343-357, 1999.

Palanza, P., Parmigiani, S., Huifen Liu, H. and vom Saal, F.S. Prenatal exposure to low
doses of the estrogenic chemicals diethylstilbestrol and o,p’-DDT alters aggressive behavior
of male and female house mice
. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 64:665-672,

vom Saal, F.S., Cooke, P.S., Palanza, P., Thayer, K.A., Nagel, S., Parmigiani, S. and
Welshons, W.V. A physiologically based approach to the study of bisphenol A and other
estrogenic chemicals on the size of reproductive organs, daily sperm production and
. Toxicol. Industrial Health, 14:239-260, 1998.

Welshons, W.W., Nagel, S.C., and vom Saal, F.S. Response to The Importance of Protocol Design and Data Reporting to Research on Endocrine Disruption. Environ. Health Perspect. 106: 316-317,

Nagel, S.C., vom Saal, F.S. And Welshons, W.V. The effective free fraction of estradiol and
xenoestrogens in human serum measured by whole cell uptake assays: Physiology of
delivery modifies estrogenic activity
. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 217:300-309, 1998.

vom Saal, F.S. and Sheehan, D.M. Challenging risk assessment. Forum for Appllied
Research and Public Policy, 13(3):11-18, 1998.

Parmigiani, S., Palanza, P. and vom Saal, F.S. Ethotoxicology: An evolutionary approach to
the study of environmental endocrine disrupting chemicals.
 J. Toxicol. Industrial Health
14:333-340, 1998.

Nagel, S.C., vom Saal, F.S., Thayer, K.A., Dhar, M.G., Boechler, M. and Welshons, W.V.
Relative binding affinity-serum modified access (RBA-SMA) assay predicts the relative in vivo bioactivity of the xenoestrogens bisphenol A and octylphenol. Environ. Health Perspect.
105:70-76, 1997.

vom Saal, F.S., Timms, B.G., Montano, M.M., Palanza, P. Thayer, K.A., Nagel, S.C., Dhar,
M.D., Ganjam, V.K., Parmigiani, S. and Welshons, W.V. Prostate enlargement in mice due to
fetal exposure to low doses of estradiol or diethylstilbestrol and opposite effects at high
. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 94:2056-2061, 1997.

Welshons, W.V., vom Saal, F.S. and Nagel, S.C. Bisphenol A in food cans: An Update.
Environ. Health Perspect.105:571-572, 1997.

Sheehan, D.M. and vom Saal, F.S. Low dose effects of hormones: A challenge for risk
 Risk Policy Report 4(9) 31-39, 1997.

vom Saal, F.S. Getting to the truth: What we know and don’t know about the hazards of
endocrine disrupting chemicals
. Pesticides and You 17:9-16, 1997.

Walker, S.E., Keisler, L.W., Caldwell, C.W., Kier, A.B. and vom Saal, F.S. Effects of altered
prenatal hormonal environment on expression of autoimmune disease in NZB/NZW mice
Environ. Health Perspect. 104:815-821, 1996.

vom Saal, F.S. Spirituality and Sustainability: Man-Made Chemicals and Health of the Unborn. 1996.

Palanza, P., Parmigiani, S. and vom Saal, F.S. Correlation between anogenital distance at
birth, maternal aggression and stimulus characteristics of wild female mice
. Physiol. Behav.
58: 827-835, 1995.

vom Saal, F.S. Environmental estrogenic chemicals: Their impact on embryonic
. Human Ecol. Risk Assess (HERA) 1(2):3-15, 1995.

vom Saal, F.S., Franks, P., Boechler, M., Palanza, P. and Parmigiani, S. Nest defense in
highly aggressive wild canadian house mice: Effect of presence of the stud male
. Physiol.
Behav., 58:669-678, 1995.

Keisler, L.W., vom Saal, F.S., Keisler, D.H., Rudeen, P.K. and Walker, S.E. Aberrant
hormone balance in fetal autoimmune NZB/W mice following prenatal exposure to
testosterone excess or the androgen blocker flutamide
. Biol. Reprod. 53:1190-1197, 1995.

Montano, M.M., Welshons, W.V. and vom Saal, F.S. Free estradiol in serum and brain uptake
of estradiol during fetal and neonatal sexual differentiation in female rats
. Biol. Reprod.,
53:1198-1207, 1995.

Drickamer, L.C., vom Saal, F.S., Marriner, L.M. and Clover, C. Anogenital distance and
aggression in male house mice (Mus domesticus)
. Aggressive Behav., 21:301-309, 1995.

vom Saal, F.S., Nagel, S.C., Palanza, P., Boechler, M., Parmigiani, S. Welshons, W.
Estrogenic pesticides: binding relative to estradiol in MCF-7 cells and effects of exposure
during fetal life on subsequent territorial behavior in male mice
. Tox. Let. 77:343-350, 1995.

vom Saal, F.S. Genetic, Hormonal and Environmental Factors that Influence Reproductive Traits in Mice. 1994

Even, M.D, Laughlin, M.H., Krause, G.F. and vom Saal, F.S. Blood flow to uterine segments
and placentae differs as a function of uterine location, side, and fetal sex in pregnant rats
. J.
Reprod. Fertil., 102:245-252, 1994.

vom Saal, F. The role of social, religious and medical practices in the neglect, abuse,
abandonment and killing of infants
. In: Infanticide and Parental Care. S. Parmigiani and F.
vom Saal (Eds). Harwood Academic Press, London, 43-72, 1994.

Palanza, P., Parmigiani, S. and vom Saal, F.S. Maternal aggression toward infanticidal males of different social status in wild house mice. Aggressive Behavior 20:267-274, 1994.

vom Saal, F.S., Finch, C.E. and Nelson, J.F. Natural history and mechanisms of aging in
humans, laboratory rodents and other selected vertebrates
. In: Physiology of Reproduction,
E. Knobil, J. Neill and D. Pfaff (Eds.), Raven Press, New York, 2nd edition, Vol 2, pp 1213-1314, 1994.

Palanza, P., Parmigiani, S. and vom Saal, F.S. Male urinary cues stimulate intrasexual
aggression and urine marking in wild female mice
. Animal Behaviour 48:245-247, 1994.

Perrigo, G., Belvin, E. and vom Saal, F. Social inhibition of infanticide in male house mice.
Ecol. Ethol. Evol. 5:181-185, 1993.

Perrigo, G. and vom Saal, F. Behavioral Cycles and the Neural Timing of Infanticide and Parental Behavior in Male House Mice. 1993

Colborn, T., vom Saal, F.S. and Soto, A.M. Developmental effects of endocrine disrupting
chemicals in wildlife and humans
. Environ. Health Perspectives 101:378-384,1993.

Montano, M., Wang, M. vom Saal, F. Sex difference in serum concentrations of
corticosterone in mouse fetuses is mediated by differential placental transport from the
mother and eliminated by maternal adrenalectomy of stress
. J. Reprod. Fertil. 99: 283-290,

Nonneman, D.J., Ganjam, V.K., Welshons, W.V., vom Saal, F.S. Intrauterine position effects
on steroid metabolism and steroid receptors of reproductive organs in male mice
. Biol. Reprod. 47:723-729, 1992.

Perrigo, G., Belvin, E. and vom Saal, F. Time and sex in the male mouse: Temporal
regulation of infanticide and parental behavior
. Chronobiol. Int., 9:421-433, 1992.

Clark, M.M., vom Saal, F.S. and Galef, B.G. Intrauterine positions and testosterone levels of
adult male gerbils are correlated
. Physiol. Behav. 51:957-960, 1992.

vom Saal, F.S. and Dhar, M. D. Blood flow in the uterine loop artery and loop vein is bi-driectional in the mouse: Implications for intrauterine transport of steroids. Physiol. Behav.,
52: 163-171, 1992.

Even, M.D., Dhar, M. and vom Saal, F.S. Transport of steroids between fetuses via amniotic
fluid in relation to the intrauterine position phenomenon in rats
. J. Reprod. Fertil. 96:709-716,

Even, M. and vom Saal, F. Seminal vesicle and preputial gland response to steroids in adult
male mice is influenced by prior intrauterine position
. Physiol. Behav., 51:11-16, 1991.

Montano, M., Wang, M., Even, M. and vom Saal, F. Serum corticosterone in fetal mice: Sex
differences, circadian changes, and effect of maternal stress
. Physiol. Behav. 50: 323-329,

Keisler, L., vom Saal, F., Keisler, D. and Walker, S. Hormonal manipulation of the prenatal
environment alters reproductive morphology and increases longevity in autoimmune NZB/W
. Biol. Reprod. 44: 707-716, 1991.

vom Saal, F., Even, M. and D. Quadagno, D. Effects of maternal stress on puberty, fertility
and aggressive behavior of female mice
. Physiol. Behav., 49: 1073-1078, 1991.

Perrigo, G., Belvin, E. and vom Saal, F. Individual variation in neural timing of infanticide and
parental behaviour in male mice
. Physiol. Behav. 50: 287-296, 1991.

Rohde-Parfet, K., Lamberson, W. Rieke, A., Cantley, T. Ganjam, V., vom Saal, F. and Day,
B. Intrauterine position effects in male and female swine: subsequent survivability, growth
rate, morphology and semen characteristics
. J. Anim. Sci., 68:179-185, 1990.

Perrigo, G., Bryant, W. and vom Saal, F. A unique neural timing system prevents male mice
from harming their own offspring
. Anim. Behav., 39:535-539, 1990.

vom Saal, F., Quadagno, D., Even, M., Keisler, L., Keisler, D., and Khan, S. Paradoxical
effects of maternal stress on fetal steroids and postnatal reproductive traits in female mice
from different intrauterine positions
. Biol. Reprod., 43:751-761, 1990.

vom Saal, F.S. Prenatal gonadal influences on mouse sociosexual behaviours. In M. Haug,
P.F. Brain, and C. Aron, (Eds.). Heterotypical Behaviour in Man and Animals. Chapman and
Hall, London, pp. 42-70, 1990.

Perrigo, G., Belvin, L. and vom Saal, F. Humane behavioral assays in the laboratory: An
alternative test for assessing how rodents behave toward young
. Humane Innovations and
Alternatives in Animal Experimentation: 4: 208-209, 1990.

vom Saal, F.S. Sexual differentiation in litter-bearing mammals: influence of sex of adjacent fetuses in utero. J. Anim sci. 67:1824-1840, 1989.

vom Saal, F.S. The production of and sensitivity to cues that delay puberty and prolong subsequent oestrous cycles in female mice are influenced by prior intrauterine position. J. Reprod. Fert. 86:457-471, 1989.

Perrigo, G. and vom Saal, F. Mating-induced regulation of infanticide in male mice: Fetal programming of a unique stimulus-response. In: Ethoexperimental Approaches to the Study of Behavior. Edited by R. Blanchard, P. Brain, D. Blanchard and S. Parmigiani. Kluwer Academic Pub., Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 320-333, 1989.

Perrigo, G., Bryant, W. and vom Saal, F. The use of live pups in a humane, injury-free test for infanticidal behaviour in male mice. Anim. Behav. 38:897-904, 1989.

Perrigo, G., Bryant, W. and vom Saal, F. Fetal, hormonal and experiential factors influencing the mating-induced regulation of infanticide in male house mice. Physiol. Behav. 46: 121-128, 1989.

vom Saal, F. and Finch, C. Reproductive senescence: Phenomena and mechanisms in mammals and selected vertebrates. In: Physiology of Reproduction, E. Knobil, J. Neill and D. Pfaff (Eds.), Raven Press, New York, pp. 2351-2413, 1988.

vom Saal, F. Perinatal testosterone exposure has opposite effects on intermale aggression and infanticide in mice. In: House Mouse Aggression. Edited by P. Brain and S. Parmigiani. Gordon and Breach Science Pub., pp. 179-204, 1988.

McCarthy, M. and vom Saal, F. Inhibition of infanticide after mating in wild male house mice. Physiol. Behav. 36:203-209, 1986.

McCarthy, M., Bare, J. and vom Saal, F. Infanticide and parental behavior in wild female house mice (Mus musculus): Effects of ovariectomy, adrenalectomy, and administration of oxytocin and prostaglandin. Physiol. Behav. 36:17-23, 1986.

McCarthy, M. and vom Saal, F. Infanticide by virgin CF-1 and wild male house mice (Mus musculus): Effects of age, prolonged isolation and testing procedure. Develop. Psychobiol. 19:279-290, 1986.

vom Saal, F. Time-contingent change in infanticide and parental behavior induced by ejaculation in male mice. Physiol. Behav. 34:7-15, 1985.

vom Saal, F. and Moyer, C. Prenatal effects on reproductive capacity during aging in female mice. Biol. Reprod. 32:1116-1126, 1985.

McCarthy, M. and vom Saal, F. The influence of reproductive state on infanticide by wild female house mice. Physiol. Behav. 35:843-849, 1985.

vom Saal, F. Proximate and ultimate causes of infanticide in male house mice. In: Infanticide: Comparative and Evolutionary Aspects, G. Hausfater and S. Blaffer-Hrdy (Eds.), Aldine Pub., 1984, pp. 401-424.

vom Saal, F. The intrauterine position phenomenon: Effects on physiology, aggressive behavior and population dynamics in house mice. In: Prog. Clin. Biol. Res., Vol. 169, Biological Perspectives on Aggression, K. Flannelly, R. Blanchard and D. Blanchard (Eds.),
Liss, New York, pp. 135-179, 1984.

Rines, J. and vom Saal, F. Fetal effects on sexual behavior and aggression in young and old
female mice treated with estrogen and progesterone
. Horm. Behav. 18:117-129, 1984.

vom Saal, F., Grant, W., McMullen, C. and Laves, K. High fetal estrogen titers correlate with
enhanced adult sexual performance and decreased aggression in male mice
. Science
220:1306-1309, 1983.

vom Saal, F. Variation in infanticide and parental behavior in male mice due to prior intrauterine proximity to female fetuses: Elimination by prenatal stress. Physiol. Behavior. 30:675-681, 1983.

vom Saal, F. Models of early hormonal effects on intrasex aggression in mice. In: Hormones and Aggressive Behavior, B. Svare (Ed.), Plenum, New York, pp. 197-222, 1983.

vom Saal, F. The interaction of circulating estrogens and androgens in regulating mammalian sexual differentiation. In: Hormones and Behavior in Higher Vertebrates, J. Balthazart, E. Prove and R. Giles (Eds.), Springer Verlag, Berlin, pp. 159-177, 1983.

vom Saal, F. Intrauterine positioning of male and female fetuses influences prenatal hormone
titers and adult behavior
. In: Proceedings of the Fifth World Congress of Sexology, Exerpta
Medica, Amsterdam, 1982.

vom Saal, F. and Howard L. The regulation of infanticide and parental behavior: Implications
for reproductive success in male mice
. Science 215:1270-1272, 1982.

vom Saal, F., Pryor, S. and Bronson, F. Effects of prior intrauterine position and housing on
oestrous cycle length in adolescent mice
. J. Reprod. Fert. 62:33-37, 1981.

vom Saal, F. Variation in phenotype due to random intrauterine positioning of male and female fetuses in rodents. J. Reprod. Fert. 62: 633-650, 1981.

vom Saal, F. The intrauterine position phenomenon in mice. In: Biology of Aggression, P. Brain and D. Benton (Eds.), Sijthoff and Noordhoff, Netherlands, pp. 231-236, 1981.

vom Saal, F. and Bronson, F. Sexual characteristics of adult female mice are correlated with
their blood testosterone levels during prenatal development
. Science 208:597-599, 1980.

vom Saal, F. and Bronson, F. Variation in length of the estrous cycle in mice due to former intrauterine proximity to male fetuses. Biol. Reprod. 22:777-780, 1980.

Bronson, F. and vom Saal, F. The preovulatory surge in luteinizing hormone secretion in mice: Variation in magnitude due to ambient light intensity. Biol. Reprod. 20:1005-1008, 1979.

Bronson, F. and vom Saal, F. Control of the release of luteinizing hormone by steroids in the mouse. Endocrinol. 104:1247-1255, 1979.

vom Saal, F. Prenatal exposure to androgen influences morphology and aggressive behavior of male and female mice. Horm. Behav. 12: 1-11, 1979.

vom Saal, F., Timmons, R. and Hamilton, L. Effects of diet and dietary experience on body weight regulation in rats with septal lesions. Physiol. Psychol. 6:306-313, 1978.

vom Saal, F. and Bronson, F. In utero proximity of female mouse fetuses to males: Effect on reproductive performance during later life. Biol. Reprod. 19:842-853, 1978.

vom Saal, F. Cyproterone acetate exposure during gestation in mice retards fetal growth. Physiol. Behav. 21:515-517, 1978.

Gandelman, R. and vom Saal, F. Exposure to early androgen attenuates androgen-induced pup-killing in male and female mice. Behav. Biol. 20:252-260, 1977.

vom Saal, F., Svare, B. and Gandelman, R. Time of neonatal androgen exposure influences length of testosterone treatment required to induce aggression in adult male and female mice. Behav. Biol. 17:391-397, 1976.

vom Saal, F., Gandelman, R. and Svare, B. Aggression in male and female mice: Evidence for changed neural sensitivity in response to neonatal but not adult androgen exposure. Physiol. Behav. 17:53-57, 1976.

vom Saal, F., Hamilton, L. and Gandelman, R. Faster acquisition of an olfactory discrimination following septal lesions in male albino rats. Physiol. Behav. 14:697-703, 1975.

Gandelman, R. and vom Saal, F. Pup-killing in mice: The effects of gonadectomy and testosterone administration. Physiol. Behav. 15:647-651, 1975.